This project for the 2000 Round of
Population and Housing Censuses covers the European Union Member
States, the European Free Trade Association Member States and
countries that are presently Candidates for accession into the EU as
well as some of the remaining countries of the Western Balkans.
Apart from the country reports, which are a new element, this
project represents a continuation of similar work undertaken by
Eurostat after the 1980 and 1990 census rounds.
This study was
prepared on behalf of
Eurostat by an international research team at
the Laboratory of Social and Demographic Analyses (LDSA) of the
University of Thessaly (Volos) under the direction of Prof. Byron
Kotzamanis. It is the main output of a comprehensive collection of
information concerning the conduct of national censuses. In the
framework of this project a broad range of material was gathered
from countries - the result depending on the census method applied,
the survey timetable and the level of dissemination. Further
information was obtained from international organisations and from
the proceedings of conferences.
presented to Eurostat is divided into three main sections:
an overview of the population and housing
census programme and its international aspects;
a comparative analysis of the most
important aspects of the 2000 censuses in the project countries, and
a set of individual country reports.
is presented in the annexes. In addition, the electronic version of
the publication contains a large selection of:
census questionnaires as used in the
different countries, (facsimiles, normally in English or French), and
documents on the legal framework for the
conduct of the census in each country (census laws, statistical laws,
It is important to
note that the national data were mostly collected from spring to
autumn 2002. As a result of this and the widely differing census
dates in the countries covered here - from November 1995 (Malta) to
May 2002 (Poland) - the
information collected refers to national censuses that are in different stages of completion.
The comparative analysis is
mostly based on a survey questionnaire prepared by the LDSA
(hereafter ‘LDSA questionnaire’).
A total of 26 National Statistical Institutes responded. Three
countries (Germany, Sweden and Iceland), having not implemented a
census, were unable to complete the questionnaire, while three
others (Netherlands, Liechtenstein and Romania) did not respond. For
all the questions concerning directly the census process and
treatment, the tables used for the comparative analysis don’t
include Liechtenstein and obviously Germany, Sweden and Iceland.
The country reports were prepared
during the second half of 2002. Most of the reports follow a
similar structure, but country-specific paragraphs (e.g. for Spain
and Italy, on the comparison of census results with data from
population registers) or formats (e.g. Switzerland) are also
present. For countries not undertaking a census, alternative
reporting formats have been chosen.